Working Of Apache Web Server

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Apache is a popular open-source, cross-platform web server that is, by the numbers, the most popular web server in existence. It’s actively maintained by the Apache Software Foundation.

  1. Apache Web Server Versions
  2. Apache Web Server Download
  3. Apache Web Server Not Working
  4. Apache Web Server History
  5. Apache Web Server Vulnerabilities

Some high-profile companies using Apache include Cisco, IBM, Salesforce, General Electric, Adobe, VMware, Xerox, LinkedIn, Facebook, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, Siemens, eBay, and many more (source).

In addition to its popularity, it’s also one of the oldest web servers, with its first release all the way back in 1995. Many cPanel hosts utilize Apache today. Like other web servers, Apache powers the behind-the-scenes aspects of serving your website’s files to visitors.

Running a basic Apache web server A virtual machine instance on Google Compute Engine can be controlled like any standard Linux server. Deploy a simple Apache web server to learn the basics of running a server on a virtual machine instance. The Apache HTTP Server, httpd, is an open source web server developed by the Apache Software Foundation. If you are upgrading from a previous release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, you will need to update the httpd service configuration accordingly. This section reviews some of the newly added features, and guides you through the update of prior. May 10, 2019 Today, Apache still serves a large portion of the active websites but their share of the field has shrunk from 50% to just under 40% as of 2018 and NGINX, a relatively new player to the web server. See full list on hostinger.in.

Apache

Because Apache doesn’t perform as well in some benchmarks, especially for static websites or websites with high traffic, Kinsta uses the NGINX web server instead of Apache. Though NGINX hasn’t been around for as long as Apache, it’s quickly grown in popularity and market share since its launch in 2004.

How Does Apache Work? Web Server Basics Explained

While there’s a lot of complexity underpinning how a web server functions, the basic job of all web servers is to accept requests from clients (e.g. a visitor’s web browser) and then send the response to that request (e.g. the components of the page that a visitor wants to see).

When I try to connect from another device, using the local IP address of the Apache server. Please post the output of ip addr (or ifconfig) command run as root on the server; Please indicate which exact local IP address you tried to connect from other devices at that time.; Please indicate the LAN IP address of each other devices you use at the time of connection.

The Apache web server has modules which add more functions to its software, such as MPM (for handling multi-processing modes) or mod_ssl for enabling SSL v3 and TLS support (suggested reading: TLS vs SSL). Some common features seen in Apache include:

  • IPv6
  • FTP
  • Perl, Lua, and PHP
  • Bandwidth throttling
  • WebDAV
  • Load balancing
  • URL rewriting
  • Session tracking
  • Geolocation based on IP address

While a web server is an essential part of any website, it’s important to note that casual WordPress users are unlikely to interact with their web server directly most of the time.

Apache vs Nginx Usage Stats

When you look at every single website on the Internet, Apache is the most popular web server. It powers 47% of the websites with a known web server, according to W3Techs.

However, Apache’s usage greatly drops when you start looking at the web’s most highly trafficked sites. Apache only powers:

  • 27.1% of the 100,000 most popular sites
  • 21.5% of the 10,000 most popular sites
  • 16.2% of the 1,000 most popular sites

This drop-off likely stems, at least in part, from Apache’s lower benchmarks for high traffic websites.

Conversely, NGINX, the web server that Kinsta uses, is used by a majority of high-traffic sites, powering:

  • 56.1% of the 100,000 most popular sites
  • 63.2% of the 10,000 most popular sites
  • 57% of the 1,000 most popular sites

If you check the Google Search trends since 2004, you can see this trend play out where Apache’s popularity (as a search term) is decreasing while NGINX’s is creeping up.

How To Check Which Web Server You’re Using

If you want to see whether you’re using Apache or NGINX, you can often (but not always) look at your site’s HTTP header.

To view your site’s HTTP header, you can:

  • Use the Network tab of Chrome Developer Tools
  • Use a tool like Pingdom or GTmetrix

Apache HTTP header

This method may not work if you’re using a service like Cloudflare, though.

Apache and the Apache feather logo are trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation.

If you enjoyed this tutorial, then you’ll love our support. All Kinsta’s hosting plans include 24/7 support from our veteran WordPress developers and engineers. Chat with the same team that backs our Fortune 500 clients. Check out our plans

Mar 09, 2021

4min Read

Apache is an open-source and free web server software that powers around 40% of websites around the world. The official name is Apache HTTP Server, and it’s maintained and developed by the Apache Software Foundation.

It allows website owners to serve content on the web — hence the name “web server.” It’s one of the oldest and most reliable web servers, with the first version released more than 20 years ago, in 1995.

When someone wants to visit a website, they enter a domain name into the address bar of their browser. Then, the web server delivers the requested files by acting as a virtual delivery man.

Here at Hostinger, our web hosting infrastructure uses Apache in parallel with NGINX, which is another popular web server software. This particular setup allows us to get the best of both worlds. It greatly improves server performance by compensating the weaker sides of one software with the strengths of another.

What is a Web Server?

File servers, database servers, mail servers, and web servers use different kinds of server software. Each of these applications can access files stored on a physical server and use them for various purposes.

The job of a web server is to serve websites on the internet. To achieve that goal, it acts as a middleman between the server and client machines. It pulls content from the server on each user request and delivers it to the web.

The biggest challenge of a web server is to serve many different web users at the same time — each of whom is requesting different pages. Web servers process files written in different programming languages such as PHP, Python, Java, and others.

They turn them to static HTML files and serve these files in the browser of web users. When you hear the word web server, think of it as the tool responsible for the proper server-client communication.

How Does Apache Web Server Work?

Although we call Apache a web server, it is not a physical server, but rather a software that runs on a server. Its job is to establish a connection between a server and the browsers of website visitors (Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, etc.) while delivering files back and forth between them (client-server structure). Apache is a cross-platform software, therefore it works on both Unix and Windows servers.

When a visitor wants to load a page on your website, for instance, the homepage or your “About Us” page, their browser sends a request to your server, and Apache returns a response with all the requested files (text, images, etc.). The server and the client communicate through the HTTP protocol, and the Apache software is responsible for the smooth and secure communication between the two machines.

Apache Web Server Versions

Apache is highly customizable, as it has a module-based structure. Modules allow server administrators to turn additional functionalities on and off. Apache has modules for security, caching, URL rewriting, password authentication, and more. You can also set up your own server configurations through a file called .htaccess, which is an Apache configuration file supported with all Hostinger plans.

Apache vs. Other Web Servers

Besides Apache, there are many other popular web servers. Each web server application has been created for a different purpose. While Apache is the most widely used, it has quite a few alternatives and rivals.

Apache vs. NGINX

Nginx, pronounced Engine-X, is a newer web server application first released in 2004. As of today, it has gained quite a popularity among website owners. Nginx was created to solve the so-called c10k problem, meaning that a web server that uses threads to handle user requests is unable to manage more than 10,000 connections at the same time.

  1. Since Apache uses the thread-based structure, owners of traffic-heavy websites may encounter performance problems. Nginx is one of the web servers that address the c10k problem and probably the most successful one.
  2. Nginx has an event-driven architecture that doesn’t create a new process for each request. Instead, it handles every incoming request in a single thread. This master process manages several worker processes that perform the actual processing of requests. The event-based model of Nginx distributes user requests among worker processes in an efficient way, therefore leading to much better scalability.
  3. If you need to manage a high-traffic website, Nginx is an excellent choice, as it can do that by using minimal resources. It cannot be a coincidence that it’s used by many high-visibility websites such as Netflix, Hulu, Pinterest, and Airbnb.
  4. However, for small and medium players, Apache comes with a handful of advantages over Nginx, such as its easy configuration, lots of modules, and a beginner-friendly environment.

Apache Web Server Download

Apache vs. Tomcat

Tomcat is a web server also developed by the Apache Software Foundation, thus its official name is Apache Tomcat. It’s an HTTP server as well, however it powers Java applications instead of static websites. Tomcat can run several different Java specifications such as Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java EL, and WebSocket.

Apache Web Server Not Working

  1. Tomcat has been created specifically for Java apps, while Apache is a general-purpose HTTP server. You can use Apache together with different programming languages (PHP, Python, Perl, etc.) with the help of the appropriate Apache module (mod_php, mod_python, mod_perl, etc.).
  2. Although you can use a Tomcat server to serve static web pages as well, it’s less efficient for that purpose compared to the Apache server. For instance, Tomcat pre-loads the Java Virtual Machine and other Java-related libraries you won’t need on most websites.
  3. Tomcat is also less configurable compared to other web servers. For example, to run WordPress, the best choice is a general-purpose HTTP server such as Apache or NGINX.

Apache Web Server History

Apache Pros and Cons

An Apache web server can be an excellent choice to run your website on a stable and versatile platform. However, it also comes with some disadvantages you need to pay attention to.

Pros:

  1. Open-source and free, even for commercial use.
  2. Reliable, stable software.
  3. Frequently updated, regular security patches.
  4. Flexible due to its module-based structure.
  5. Easy to configure, beginner-friendly.
  6. Cross-platform (works on both Unix and Windows servers).
  7. Works out of the box with WordPress sites.
  8. Huge community and easily available support in case of any problem.

Cons:

Web
  1. Performance problems on extremely traffic-heavy websites.
  2. Too many configuration options can lead to security vulnerabilities.

Further Reading

Want to learn more basics about website hosting and development? Check out these guides:

So, What is Apache?

Apache is one of the most popular web servers that allows you to run a secure website without too much of a headache. It’s the most frequent choice of solopreneurs and small businesses that want a presence on the web.

You can install a WordPress website on an Apache web server without any customization. Besides, Apache works seamlessly with many other content management systems (Joomla, Drupal, etc.), web frameworks (Django, Laravel, etc.), and programming languages. This makes it a solid pick for all types of web hosting platforms, such as VPS or shared hosting.

Apache Web Server Vulnerabilities

Domantas leads the content and SEO teams forward with fresh ideas and out of the box approaches. Armed with extensive SEO and marketing knowledge, he aims to spread the word of Hostinger to every corner of the world. During his free time, Domantas likes to hone his web development skills and travel to exotic places.