Server Httpd

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CERN httpd
Original author(s)Tim Berners-Lee,
Ari Luotonen,
Henrik Frystyk Nielsen
Developer(s)CERN / World Wide Web Consortium
Initial release24 December 1990; 30 years ago
Final release
Operating systemUnix, Unix-like
Available inC
TypeWeb server, proxy server
LicenseMIT Copyright Statement with acknowledgement to CERN
  1. Mar 05, 2014 If you want to enable modrewrite on your Apache server, search for the line that contains (in httpd.conf) and remove the preceding pound sign (#). Any changes you make to the httpd.conf file will require a restart of the web server (close it and open it again) to take effect.
  2. The Apache HTTP Server Project is pleased to announce the release of version 2.4.46 of the Apache HTTP Server ('Apache' and 'httpd'). This version of Apache is our latest GA release of the new generation 2.4.x branch of Apache HTTPD and represents fifteen years of innovation by the project, and is recommended over all previous releases!



CERN httpd (later also known as W3C httpd) is an early, now discontinued, web server (HTTP) daemon originally developed at CERN from 1990 onwards by Tim Berners-Lee, Ari Luotonen[2] and Henrik Frystyk Nielsen.[1] Implemented in C, it was the first web server software.[3]

A web server is a network service that serves content to a client over the web. This typically means web pages, but any other documents can be served as well. Web servers are also known as HTTP servers, as they use the hypertext transport protocol (HTTP). The Apache HTTP Server, httpd, is an open source web server developed by the Apache Software Foundation.


This NeXT Computer used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN became the world's first web server

CERN httpd was originally developed on a NeXT Computer running NeXTSTEP, and was later ported to other Unix-likeoperating systems, OpenVMS and systems with unix emulation layers, e.g. OS/2 with emx+gcc. It could also be configured as a web proxy server.[1][3]Version 0.1 was released in June 1991.[4]In August 1991, Berners-Lee announced in the Usenet newsgroupalt.hypertext the availability of the source code of the server daemon and other World Wide Web software from the CERN FTP site.[5]

Weblogic Server Https

The original, first generation HTTP server which some call the Volkswagen of the Web.[6]
Server httpd restart

The server was presented on the Hypertext 91 conference in San Antonio and was part of the CERN Program Library (CERNLIB).[5][7]

Later versions of the server are based on the libwwwlibrary.[2] The development of CERN httpd was later taken over by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), with the last release being version 3.0A of 15 July 1996.[1] From 1996 onwards, W3C focused on the development of the Java-based Jigsaw server.[8]

The initial version was public domain software; the last one was under an MIT License.[9]

Node server httpsHttps

See also[edit]

  • Web accelerator, which discusses host-based HTTP acceleration
  • Proxy server, which discusses client-side proxies
  • Reverse proxy, which discusses origin-side proxies


Linux - Failed to start httpd server: Address already in ...
  1. ^ abcdOfficial CERN httpd page
  2. ^ abKahan, José (5 August 1999). 'Why Libwww?'. World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  3. ^ abThe Server Guide: CERN httpdArchived 16 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^Change History for httpd
  5. ^ abStewart, Bill. 'Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and the World Wide Web - Web development'. Living Internet. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  6. ^'W3C Open Source Software - CERN Server'. World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  7. ^Robert Cailliau (21 July 2010). 'A Short History of the Web'. NetValley. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  8. ^Baird-Smith, Anselm (April 1996). 'W3C Activity: The CERN server'. World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  9. ^The birth of the web Licensing the web on (2014, archived)

External links[edit]

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