Outguess Mac

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A new version of Outguess was released today! Outguess requires OS X 10.8 or later. A new version of Outguess was released today! Outguess requires OS X 10.8 or later and is the most easy steganography tool for Mac. Rbcafe provides software, shareware and freeware for Mac since 2004. Since 2010, Rbcafe distributes software on the Mac App Store.

Snooze notifications in Outlook for Mac with the Do not disturb feature. Outlook includes MailTips, which help you avoid common, but potentially costly or embarrassing, mistakes. MailTips alerts can be triggered by actions including clicking Reply All to a large recipient list, sending sensitive information to someone outside your. Outguess is an advanced Stegonagraphy tool. The app will hide your file inside the picture of your choice in easy steps. To hide a file within an image: Select your image (container) and a file to hide (content).

Steganography architecture example - OpenPuff

A steganography software tool allows a user to embed hidden data inside a carrier file, such as an image or video, and later extract that data.


It is not necessary to conceal the message in the original file at all. Thus, it is not necessary to modify the original file and thus, it is difficult to detect anything. If a given section is subjected to successive bitwise manipulation to generate the cyphertext, then there is no evidence in the original file to show that it is being used to encrypt a file.


Obfuscation layer1 - cryptography


The carrier is the signal, stream, or data file into which the hidden data is hidden by making subtle modifications. Examples include audio files, image files, documents, and executable files. In practice, the carrier should look and work the same as the original unmodified carrier, and should appear benign to anyone inspecting it.

Certain properties can raise suspicion that a file is carrying hidden data:

  • If the hidden data is large relative to the carrier content, as in an empty document that is a megabyte in size.
  • The use of obsolete formats or poorly-supported extensions which break commonly used tools.
Obfuscation layer3 - whitening

It is a cryptographic requirement that the carrier (e.g. photo) is original, not a copy of something publicly available (e.g., downloaded). This is because the publicly available source data could be compared against the version with a hidden message embedded.

There is a weaker requirement that the embedded message not change the carrier's statistics (or other metrics) such that the presence of a message is detectable. For instance, if the least-significant-bits of the red camera-pixel channel of an image has a Gaussian distribution given a constant colored field, simple image steganography which produces a random distribution of these bits could allow discrimination of stego images from unchanged ones.

The sheer volume of modern (ca 2014) and inane high-bandwidth media (e.g., youtube.com, bittorrent sources. eBay, Facebook, spam, etc.) provides ample opportunity for covert communication.


Hidden data may be split among a set of files, producing a carrier chain, which has the property that all the carriers must be available, unmodified, and processed in the correct order in order to retrieve the hidden data. This additional security feature usually is achieved by:

  • using a different initialization vector for each carrier and storing it inside processed carriers -> CryptedIVn = Crypt( IVn, CryptedIVn-1 )
  • using a different cryptography algorithm for each carrier and choosing it with a chain-order-dependent equiprobabilistic algorithm
Obfuscation layer4 - encoding

Robustness and cryptography[edit]

Steganography tools aim to ensure robustness against modern forensic methods, such as statistical steganalysis. Such robustness may be achieved by a balanced mix of:

  • a stream-based cryptography process;
  • a data whitening process;
  • an encoding process.

If the data is detected, cryptography also helps to minimize the resulting damage, since the data is not exposed, only the fact that a secret was transmitted. The sender may be forced to decrypt the data once it is discovered, but deniable encryption can be leveraged to make the decrypted data appear benign.

Outguessing machine

Strong steganography software relies on a multi-layered architecture with a deep, documented obfuscation process.

Outguess Meaning

Chi-square image steganalysis

Carrier engine[edit]

The carrier engine is the core of any steganography tool. Different file formats are modified in different ways, in order to covertly insert hidden data inside them. Processing algorithms include:

  • Injection (suspicious because of the content-unrelated file size increment)
  • Generation (suspicious because of the traceability of the generated carriers)
  • Ancillary data and metadata substitution
  • LSB or adaptive substitution
  • Frequency space manipulation

Tools comparison[edit]

Tools comparison (alphabetical order)
ProgramImage filesAudio filesVideo filesDocument filesOther supportNotes
AnubisBMP, JPEG?[clarification needed]?[clarification needed]?[clarification needed]Data being appended to the end of fileOpen Source[clarification needed]
DarkCryptTCBMP, JPEG, TIFF, PNG, PSD, TGA, MNGWAV-TXT, HTML, XML, ODTEXE, DLL, NTFS streamsRSD mode (RNG-based random data distribution), AES encryption supported
DeepSoundBMPAudio CD, APE tag, FLAC, MP3, WAV, WMA---AES 256-bit encryption
ImageSpyer G2BMP, TIFF----RSD algorithm implemented, plugin for Total Commander (StegoTC G2)
iWatermarkJPEG----Steganographic watermark hidden in JPEG photos for Mac, Win, iOS and Android
MP3Stego-MP3---Open source
Mr. CryptoBMP, PNG, TIFF----Freemium; interface on English, Russian and Ukrainian; AES and TripleDES encryption. Using Least Significant Bit for data hiding.
OpenPuffBMP, JPEG, PNG, TGAMP3, WAV3GP, MP4, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, VOB, SWF, FLVPDF-256-bit multi-encryption, Carrier chains, Multi-layered obfuscation
OpenStegoBMP, PNG----Open source
OutGuessJPEG, PNM----Free Software
OutGuess-RebirthJPEG, PNM----Portable freeware Windows (based on Outguess for Linux)
PHP-Class StreamSteganographyPNG-----
QuickStego / QuickCryptoBMP, JPEG, GIF----Windows XP, Vista, 7
Red JPEGJPEG----XT for Total Commander, LZMA compression, PRNG-based masking and distribution
S-ToolsBMP, GIFWAV--Unused floppy disk space-
StegBMP, PNG, JPEG, GIF----Symmetric and asymmetric key cryptography, runs on Win/Linux/Mac
StegaMailBMP, PNG----56bit encryption, zLib compression
Steganographic Laboratory (VSL)BMP, PNG, JPEG, TIFF----Open source
Steganography Online CodecBMP, PNG, JPEG, GIF----Free online tool using AES CBC 256 bit encryption with PBKDF2 key derivation
Steganography StudioBMP, PNG, GIF----Different hiding methods (LSB, LSB Matching, SLSB), Open source
Stegano-RsPNGWAV---Open source (GNU GPLv3)
SteganPEGJPEG----Windows XP, Vista, 7
StegFS----Steganographic file system for Linux-
SteghideJPEG, BMPWAV, AU---Open source (GNU General Public License)
Stegonaut-MP3---Open source, AES 256-bit encryption
StegoShareBMP, JPEG, PNG, GIF, TIFF----Open source

See also[edit]


  • Kharrazi, Mehdi; Sencar, Husrev T.; Memon, Nasir (2006). 'Performance study of common image steganography and steganalysis techniques'(PDF). Journal of Electronic Imaging. 15 (4): 041104. doi:10.1117/1.2400672. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  • Guillermito. 'Analyzing steganography software'. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  • Provos, Niels; Honeyman, Peter (2003). 'Hide and Seek: An Introduction to Steganography'(PDF). IEEE Security & Privacy. 1 (3): 32–44. doi:10.1109/msecp.2003.1203220. ISSN1540-7993. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  • Provos, Niels. 'Defending against statistical steganalysis'. Proceedings of the 10th Conference on USENIX Security Symposium. SSYM'01. USENIX Association. 10: 24–37. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  • Bierbrauer, Jürgen; Fridrich, Jessica. 'Constructing good covering codes for applications in Steganography'(PDF). Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security III. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 4920: 1–22. Retrieved 7 February 2021.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Rocha, Anderson; Goldenstein, Siome, Steganography and Steganalysis: past, present, and future(PDF), First IEEE Workitorial on Vision of the Unseen (WVU'08), retrieved 8 March 2017


Outguess Tool

External links[edit]

Outguess Pc

  • Exhaustive directory of steganography software by Dr. Neil Johnson

Outguess Mac Os X

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