Python-Markdown is a packagethat converts content in Markdown format to HTML. In this example, we will look at how to convert Markdown to HTML and automatically generate a table-of-contents.We will also look at using the command-line tool to convert content.We will also cover how to use fenced code blocks and
markdown library with
pip. I am using Python 3.8 in this example.
Convert Markdown to HTML in Python
Markdown is a lightweight Markup language with a plain text syntax. John Gruber developed the Markdown language in 2004 in a collaborative effort with Aaron Swartz, intending to enable people to.
The easiest way to convert is just use a string for input and a string for output.
The Python Markdown package is now maintained by Waylan Limberg. The new project website is here: Python Markdown at PyPy. Python-Markdown is a Python library that allows you to convert Markdown text to HTML; it mostly follows the Markdown standard, with a few minor differences to the standard Markdown syntax. In this tutorial, you’ll use Flask, SQLite, and Python-Markdown to build a small note-taking web application that supports formatting text using Markdown.
To use files for input and output instead:
Convert Markdown to HTML with command-line tool
The Python-Markdown CLI tool is convenient whenyou just want to convert a document without embedding the code in a larger application.
The easiest way to invoke it by running is a module with
python -m. For example:
Generate a table of contents (TOC)
To generate a TOC, we need to using the toc extension. There are a number of other extensions availablewith the package that you can check out at https://python-markdown.github.io/extensions/.
You convert the same way before, except this time you pass in an extra parameter to include the extension
To customize options, you need to include the
markdown.extensions.toc.TocExtension classand pass an instance of that object to the extensions parameter. See the following example.Read more at https://python-markdown.github.io/extensions/toc/#usage
In your Markdown, add
[TOC] to the Markdown where the TOC should go.
Fenced code blocks
To make a code block you can indent all lines by 4 spaces by default.Personally, I prefer using the three backticks (```) to enclose code without indenting.It also gives a place to define which language is being used.
See Full List On Math.ubc.ca
To use the triple backticks you need to enable the
fenced_code extension.This extensions already comes with Python-Markdown.This will wrap the code block with a
TIP: If you need to write a triple backtick code block within your Markdown code, you can wrap the outermostcodeblock with additional backticks. For example, use a set of 4 or 5 instead of 3 like this:
Source code syntax highlighting
To build on the previous section using
fenced_code, you can add syntax highlightingwith the
codehilite extension. This extensions already comes with Python-Markdown, butit depends on another Python library named Pygments.
Here is an example of generating HTML with both
codehilite extensions together.
When you add the
codehilite extension,the code block is wrapped with the class
.codehilite and many other styles will be applied.You could write your own styles, but Pygments comes with several style sets you can use.You can generate the different styles using a command-line tool called
pygmentize.Use this tool to list available color themes and to generate the styles.Save the CSS output to a
.css file and link it in your HTML like normal.
To apply the proper styles, you must generate the CSS and apply it.
In the HTML:
After reading this, you should understand how to convert Markdown contentto HTML and how to automatically generate a table-of-contents.You should be able to use strings or files for conversion.You should also understand how to use the CLI tool to convert content.You should also know how to include extensions and apply fenced code blocks and source code syntax highlithing with Pygments.
Markdown is a simple text-to-HTML markup language written in plain text. Jupyter notebook recognizes markdown and renders markdown code as HTML. In this section, we present the basic features of markdown.
See Markdown (by John Gruber) and GitHub Markdown Help for more information.
Markdown Syntax In Python
Create an ordered list using numbers:
- Number theory
- Partial differential equations
Create an unordered list using an asterisk * for each item:
- Number theory
- Partial differential equations
Use indentation to create nested lists:
- Linear Algebra
- Classical Mechanics
- Diffusion and Osmosis
Create a link with the syntax
[description](url). For example:
creates the link UBC Math.
Include an image using the syntax
![description](url). For example:
displays the image
Python Markdown Syntax
Markdown In Python
Create a table by separating entries by pipe characters :
:---: specifies the alignment (centered in this case) of the columns. See more about GitHub flavoured markdown.
- Create a numbered list of the top 5 websites you visit most often and include a link for each site.
- Write a short biography of your favourite mathematician, provide a link to their Wikipedia page and include an image (with a link and description of the source).
- Create a table of all the courses that you have taken in university. Include the columns: course number, course title, year (that you took the class), and instructor name.