Installing Brew

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Homebrew is a package manager for MAC OS X. Using Homebrew you can directly download and install many open source software and unix tools. Again instead of downloading.dmg files and moving the applications you may use Homebrew Cask to install these applications. Homebrew is an open-source package manager for macOS that offers an easy way to install software and tolls through the command line. If you are a coder, developer, Terminal lover, or more tech-savvy than an average Mac user, you can use Homebrew to simplify software installation on your Mac.

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For the macOS platform, you can install the Azure CLI with homebrew package manager. Homebrew makes it easy to keep yourinstallation of the CLI update to date. The CLI package has been tested on macOS versions 10.9 and later.

The current version of the Azure CLI is 2.22.1. For information about the latest release, see the release notes. To find your installed version and see if you need to update, run az version.

Install with Homebrew

Homebrew is the easiest way to manage your CLI install. It provides convenient ways to install, update, and uninstall.If you don't have homebrew available on your system, install homebrew before continuing.

You can install the CLI by updating your brew repository information, and then running the install command:

Important

The Azure CLI has a dependency on the Homebrew python3 package, and will install it.The Azure CLI is guaranteed to be compatible with the latest version of python3published on Homebrew.

You can then run the Azure CLI with the az command. To sign in, use az login command.

  1. Run the login command.

    If the CLI can open your default browser, it will do so and load an Azure sign-in page.

    Otherwise, open a browser page at https://aka.ms/devicelogin and enter theauthorization code displayed in your terminal.

    If no web browser is available or the web browser fails to open, use device code flow with az login --use-device-code.

  2. Sign in with your account credentials in the browser.

To learn more about different authentication methods, see Sign in with Azure CLI.

Troubleshooting

If you encounter a problem when installing the CLI through Homebrew, here are some common errors. If you experience a problem not covered here, file an issue on github.

Completion is not working

The Homebrew formula of Azure CLI installs a completion file named az in the Homebrew-managed completions directory (default location is /usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/). To enable completion, please follow Homebrew's instructions here.

Unable to find Python or installed packages

There may be a minor version mismatch or other issue during homebrew installation. The CLI doesn't use a Python virtual environment, so it relies on findingthe installed Python version. A possible fix is to install and relink the python3 dependency from Homebrew.

CLI version 1.x is installed

If an out-of-date version was installed, it could be because of a stale homebrew cache. Follow the update instructions.

Proxy blocks connection

You may be unable to get resources from Homebrew unless you have correctly configured it touse your proxy. Follow the Homebrew proxy configuration instructions.

Important

If you are behind a proxy, HTTP_PROXY and HTTPS_PROXY must be set to connect to Azure services with the CLI.If you are not using basic auth, it's recommended to export these variables in your .bashrc file.Always follow your business' security policies and the requirements of your system administrator.

In order to get the bottle resources from Homebrew, your proxy needs to allow HTTPS connections tothe following addresses:

Install homebrew on windows 10
  • https://formulae.brew.sh
  • https://homebrew.bintray.com

Update

The CLI is regularly updated with bug fixes, improvements, new features, and preview functionality. A new release is available roughly everythree weeks.

The CLI provides an in-tool command to update to the latest version:

Note

Mac

The az upgrade command was added in version 2.11.0 and will not work with versions prior to 2.11.0. Older versions can be updated by reinstalling as described in Install the Azure CLI.

This command will also update all installed extensions by default. For more az upgrade options, please refer to the command reference page.

You can also update your local Homebrew repository information and then upgrade the azure-cli package.

Uninstall

If you decide to uninstall the Azure CLI, we're sorry to see you go. Before you uninstall, use the az feedback command to let us knowwhat could be improved or fixed. Our goal is to make the Azure CLI bug-free and user-friendly. If you found a bug, we'd appreciate it if you file a GitHub issue.

Use homebrew to uninstall the azure-cli package.

Other installation methods

If you can't use homebrew to install the Azure CLI in your environment, it's possible to use the manual instructions for Linux. Note thatthis process is not officially maintained to be compatible with macOS. Using a package manager such as Homebrew is always recommended. Only use the manualinstallation method if you have no other option available.

For the manual installation instructions, see Install Azure CLI on Linux manually.

Next Steps

Now that you've installed the Azure CLI, take a short tour of its features and common commands.

An introduction to the popular package manager

Homebrew is a great package manager. Originally created for macOS, it now runs on Linux and the Windows Subsystem for Linux, too.

Using it, you can install almost any CLI application you can think of, and even full GUI apps.

How do you install Homebrew?

On macOS, the command to install Homebrew is:

On Linux/Windows, see the instructions on the official website.

After the above command executes, you’ll have the brew command available in the terminal:

See? We have a list of sub-commands we can use: brew install, brew upgrade, brew uninstall, and more.

Installing applications

Use the brew install command to install an application:

For example, to install mysql, run:

The command has a lot of options available, and you can check them out

You might never need any of those options - I very rarely use anything else than the default brew install <package>.

Sometimes packages (like the mysql package I used in the example above) will install, but they will require some additional steps before you can run them.

If this is the case, those are typically highlighted to you at the end of the installation process. Make sure you read everything Homebrew prints to the console, to avoid headaches later.

Installing brew cask

Where are packages installed?

Packages installed using Homebrew are all installed in a specific folder.

Brew

Typically it’s /usr/local/Cellar.

If you don’t find this folder, run brew --prefix to find the correct folder prefix. On my system, this command returned /usr/local, the place where the Cellar folder can be found.

Installing Brew On M1

In there, you’ll find the list of the packages you installed, each into its own folder:

Updating a package

A single package can be upgraded using

Updating Homebrew

Homebrew itself needs to be updated from time to time. It will sometimes automatically updated when you run commands, but you can manually tell it to update by running

Removing a package

It’s very easy to install a new package. It’s also very easy to uninstall it.

Run:

Doing so, Homebrew will completely remove the package from the system.

Installing GUI apps

One cool thing that Homebrew can do, in addition to installing CLI (command line) apps is the ability to install GUI apps.

Using:

See Full List On Docs.brew.sh

Brew

You can install a GUI apps that you’d traditionally need to find the website, download the package, move to /Applications.. now it’s a single command.

For example:

Installing Brew On Mac

You can find a list of all the apps you can install using this method on https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-cask/blob/master/Casks and you can search for a particular package using

like this:

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