Ford Transmission

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  1. All of the Ford three speed transmissions used the Green dot-White dot shift pattern until 1967 when they came out with the P-R-N-D-2-1 pattern that was used from then until they quit making three speeds. From 1951-57 it started in 2nd gear and shifted to 3rd under 'normal' driving conditions, but when accelerated hard, it would start in 1st.
  2. Ford F-150 Transmission Guides. Transmission problems? We have diagnostic walk-throughs and repair how-to’s that will keep your Ford F-150s gearbox humming smoothly. The bulk of Ford F-150s and F-250s are equipped with automatic gear boxes that require little to no maintenance. Like all things though, the transmission is susceptible to damage.
  3. If the transmission fluid does need to be changed on your Ford, the time it takes will depend on how old the vehicle is and how complicated it is to change the fluid.
  1. Ford Transmission Problems Equipment
  2. Ford Transmission Fluid

FORD TRUCKS 1982-1996 Toyo-Kogyo, Mazda M5R1 / M5R2 and Mitsubishi FM145 / FM146 / FM132 units. Additional information may be provided by selecting the parts list link once you have identified your transmission!

Fordomatic
also known as Mercomatic and Cruisomatic

Was used 1951-68 in many Ford products. In 1953 for a three month period, they were used in Cadillacs after the Livonia, MI Hydramatic plant burnt to the ground. It was also used in some International and Dodge trucks and Checker Cabs. This was an hydraulically controlled rear wheel drive transmission. It had a cast iron case and either an aluminum or a cast iron bell housing and/or extension housing.
(I've included two explanations about how these transmissions worked. Both are by people that I highly respect for their knowledge of older units, but they do vary slightly.)
1. When Ford first came out with an automatic transmission, it was called a Ford-O-Matic. It was an iron case transmission. It started off in second gear and shifted to third in the D position. You could shift to L for first gear manually. In 1958, Ford started using a sprag in the planetary and called the transmission a Cruise-O-Matic. The D position next to neutral started off in second gear and made a shift to third, just like a Ford-O-Matic, and you still had manual L for first gear. But, using the sprag, there was another D position (green dot) that started off in low, shifted to second, and shifted to third, all automatically.
All of the Ford three speed transmissions used the Green dot-White dot shift pattern until 1967 when they came out with the P-R-N-D-2-1 pattern that was used from then until they quit making three speeds.
2. From 1951-57 it started in 2nd gear and shifted to 3rd under 'normal' driving conditions, but when accelerated hard, it would start in 1st and then shift to 2nd and 3rd. Because of this it was often considered a 2 speed transmission. In 1958 the Cruisomatic was introduced and was a true 3 speed transmission, however many Ford products continued to use the 2 speed Fordomatic thru 1960. (Do not confuse the early Fordomatics with the later aluminum case transmission that Ford called a two speed). The medium case version was also known as the Mercomatic and was produced from 1955-68. The large case version was produced from 1958-65 and was MOSTLY used in Lincolns. In 1968 Ford came out with the FMX which eventually replaced all 3 versions, but almost no parts interchange. Similar to Borg-Warner BW8 and BW12, but few of the parts are interchangeable.
1968 was a cross-over year where the Cruisomatic was used in some vehicles for part of the year before changing over to the FMX. It is a little confusing, because Ford began calling MOST of their transmissions Cruisomatic (including the FMX, C4, and C6).

I believe it was 1961 that Ford added a screw-in vacuum modulator to these transmissions.

Rear cooler line is the cooler return line.

Band adjustments:
Intermediate = ¼' servo travel
Reverse = 1½ turns

Gear Ratios:
2.40:1 1st gear
1.47:1 2nd gear
1.00:1 3rd gear
2.00:1 reverse

Automatic[edit]

  • 1950–1965 Ford-O-Matic
  • 1958–1979 Cruise-O-Matic
    • 1968–1981 FMX—A hybrid of the FX and MX
    • 1964–1981 C4
      • Most small-block V8 powered cars of the 1960s and 1970s in the North American market
    • 1966–1996 C6
      • Most big-block V8 powered cars/trucks of the 1960s and 1970s in the North American market, All Fseries trucks without O/D, 80 thru 96 (97 For F250HD, F350, and F-Superduty models)
    • 1974–1989 C3—Light-duty, smaller than the C4
    • 1982–1986 C5—Improved C4, with a lock-up converter
    • 1985–1994 A4LD—C3 with overdrive
    • 1989–1996 E4OD—C6 with overdrive
    • 1998–2004 4R100—Replaces the E4OD transmission
    • 1995–2001 4R44E—Electronically controlled A4LD, light-duty
    • 1995–1997 4R55E—Electronically controlled A4LD, heavy-duty
  • 1997–Current 5R44/5R55 Series—5-speed 5R44E/5R55E/N/S/W based on the 4R44E/4R55E, Bordeaux Automatic Transmission Plant / Sharonville Ohio transmission plant
    • Lincoln LS and Ford Thunderbird
    • 2005–2010 Ford Mustang V6, GT[1]
  • 1980–1993 AOD—Ford's first 4-speed automatic transmission, based on the FMX but with a torque-splitting feature.
    • 1992– AOD-E—Electronic AOD
      • 1993–2008 4R70W—Strengthened AOD-E with lower 1st and 2nd gear ratios
        • Application vary by year
      • 2003–2008 4R75E & 4R75W
        • Applications vary by year
          • 4.2L, 4.6L, & 5.4L (2v & 3v)
            • Ford E-Series Van
          • Ford Mustang (GT and Mach 1)
  • AXOD family—Van Dyke Transmission
    • 1986–1991 AXOD—4-speed transaxle
      • Ford Taurus, Lincoln Continental, Mercury Sable
    • 1991–1993 AXOD-E—4-speed electronic transaxle
      • Ford Taurus, Lincoln Continental, Mercury Sable
    • 1994–2003 AX4S—4-speed electronic transaxle
      • Ford Taurus, Ford Windstar, Lincoln Continental, Mercury Sable
    • 1995–2007 AX4N/4F50N—4-speed electronic transaxle
      • Ford Freestar, Ford Taurus, Ford Windstar, Lincoln Continental, Mercury Monterey, Mercury Sable
  • 1980–1994 FLC—3-speed hydraulic transaxle
    • Ford Escort, Ford Tempo, Mercury Topaz, Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable, and Ford EXP
  • 1989–1997 4EAT-G—4-speed Mazda design transaxle
  • 1990–2003 F-4EAT—4-speed electronic transaxle—Mazda transaxle
    • Ford Escort, Mercury Tracer
  • 2000-2013 4F27E--Strengthened 4-speed F-4EAT
    • Ford Focus, Ford Transit Connect
  • 1994–2007 CD4E—4-speed transaxle, Batavia Transmission—Replaces the 4EAT-G transaxle
    • Ford Contour, Ford Escape, Ford Mondeo, Ford Probe, Mercury Cougar, Mercury Mariner, Mercury Mystique, Mazda Tribute, Mazda 626.
  • 2003.5–2010 5R110W – 5-speed automatic with Tow/Haul mode – Replaces 4R100 in Super Duty trucks
  • 2011–2019 6R140 - 6-speed automatic with Tow/Haul mode - Replaces 5R110W in Super Duty trucks.[2]
  • 2020-present 10R140 - 10-speed automatic with Tow/Haul Mode - Replaces the 6R140 in Super Duty trucks.
  • 2005–present Aisin AWF-21 6-speed
    • Lincoln MKZ (2006-2010), Ford Fusion AWD (2007-2009), Land Rover LR2
  • 2005–2007 ZF-Batavia CFT30—Continuously variable transaxle (CVT)
    • Ford Freestyle, Ford Five Hundred, Mercury Montego
  • 2005–2016 6R60 ZF 6-speed transmission
    • Ford Falcon (BF, FG)
    • Ford Territory (AWD)
  • 2006-2009 Ford FNR5 transmission - A 5 speed automatic from Mazda, uses Ford FNR5 fluid
    • Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan
  • 2006–2007 6R60 6-speed transmission
    • Ford Explorer, Mercury Mountaineer
  • 2007–present 6R80 6-speed transmission
    • Ford Expedition, Lincoln Navigator, 2009 Ford F-Series, 2011 Ford Mustang (V6 & GT), 2011 Ford Territory, 2011 Ford Ranger (Note: Global excluding USA)
  • 2007–present 6F50—6-speed transaxle, Van Dyke Transmission
    • Ford Edge, Ford Explorer, Lincoln MKX, Lincoln MKS, Ford Taurus, Ford Flex, Lincoln MKT, Lincoln MKZ (2010-Present)
  • 2009–present 6F35—6-speed transaxle, Van Dyke Transmission
    • Ford Escape, Ford Fusion, Ford Focus, Ford C-Max, Ford Kuga (in the Focus, C-Max and Kuga it is used with the 1.5 L4 Ecoboost. Also used with the ford escape in 2.0 L4 GTDI variant, and rated for vehicles up to 3.0L)[3]
  • 2009–present 6F55—6-speed transaxle (designed for use with the 3.5L Ecoboost V6)
    • Lincoln MKS, Ford Flex, Ford Taurus SHO, Lincoln MKT, Ford Explorer Sport (2013-present)
DisconnectTransmission
  • 2013-present HF35 Hybrid and Plug in Hybrid transaxle.
    • Ford Fusion HEV, Ford Fusion Energi PHEV, Ford C-Max HEV, Ford C-Max Energi PHEV, Lincoln MKZ Hybrid.
  • 2017- 10R80 Ford-GM 10-speed automatic transmission[4][5]
    • 2017 Ford F-150 (including Ford Raptor), Ford Expedition, Ford Mustang
  • 2017–present 6F15—6-speed transaxle (designed for use with the 1.0 Ecoboost to replace the DPS6 Powershift transmission)
    • Ford EcoSport, Ford Focus, Ford C-Max
  • 2017-present 8F35 8-speed transverse transmission[6] (1.5 and 2.0 EcoBoost, 2.0 Duratorq)
    • Ford Edge, Ford Escape (2020),[7]Ford Focus, Ford S-MAX, Ford Taurus
  • 2017-present 8F40 8-speed transverse transmission (2.0 EcoBlue)
    • Ford Edge, Ford Focus, Ford S-MAX, Ford Galaxy, Ford Mondeo, Ford Kuga, Ford Mustang
  • 2018-present 8F24 8-speed transverse transmission (1.5 EcoBlue)
  • 2018-present 8F57 8-speed transverse transmission for higher torque (2.7 V6 EcoBoost)
    • Ford Edge ST, Ford Explorer, Ford Fusion, Ford Taurus

Dual-clutch automatics[edit]

These are dual-clutch transmissions.

  • 2008-present 6DCT150 Ford Powershift 6-speed wet clutch
  • 2008–present 6DCT250 Ford Powershift (DPS6) 6-speed dry clutch
    • Ford EcoSport, Ford Fiesta, Ford Focus.
    • The 2012-2016 DPS6 Powershift transmission was used in the 2012-2016 Ford Focus and 2011-2016 Ford Fiesta sedans. This transmission is the subject of a massive number of lawsuits alleging Ford lied in order to sell cars Ford knew had defective transmissions.[8]
  • 2008-present 6DCT450 Ford Powershift (MPS6) 6-speed wet clutch
    • Ford Focus, Ford Mondeo, Ford Kuga, Ford Galaxy, Ford Fiesta, Ford C-Max, Ford S-Max
  • Getrag Transmissions
    • 2017-present 7DCL750 Getrag - 7-speed
      • Ford GT (2nd gen. V6)
  • Tremec Transmissions
    • 2020-present Tremec TR-9070 7-speed

Manual[edit]

  • 1960-1967 Ford/Mercury HED 3-speed transmission (non-syncro first gear)
  • 1968- Ford Type E (aka Built or 2000e) 4-speed transmission Came in Anglia 105E, Cortina MkI, Lotus Cortina MkI, Cortina MkII to up to '68, Consul Classic, Consul Capri, Corsair, Escort TC, Mexico Mk1 and RS1600 MkI.
  • 1976–1985 BC or BC4
  • 1982–1995 BC5
  • 1995-present IB5
  • MT75
    • Ford Sierra, Ford Granada, Ford Escort Cosworth, Ford Scorpio, Ford Transit
  • 1981–1994 MTX-III
  • 1989–1995 MTX-IV
  • MTX-75, 'Cologne' transmission
    • Ford Contour, Ford Escort, Ford Focus, Ford Mondeo, Jaguar X-Type, Mercury Cougar
  • Type 9 (or Type N, T-9)
    • Ford Capri 1.6, 2.0 1983 onwards, Capri 2.8 1982 onwards, Ford Sierra 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, Sierra XR4i, Sierra XR4x4 2.8, Merkur XR4Ti
    • New Process 435 heavy duty 4 speed transmission
    • Clark / Tremec 4 speed OD and SROD
  • Tremec or Borg-Warner transmissions
    • Borg-Warner T-18/T-19 transmissions - circa 1966-1991 Ford F-Series
    • Borg-Warner T-10 transmission – 1957–1965[9]
    • Borg-Warner T-5 transmission – Ford Sierra; 1983–1995 Ford Mustang; 2005–2009 Mustang V6
    • Tremec T-170/T-175/T176/T177 1984-1990+? F-series
    • Tremec T-45 transmission – 1996–1999 Mustang Cobra, 1996–2000 Mustang GT
    • Tremec T-56 transmission – 2000 Cobra R and 2003–2004 Mustang Cobra, Ford Falcon (BF) I6T and 5.4l V8 BF MK1 - BF MK11
    • Tremec TR-3650 transmission – 2001–2010 Mustang GT
    • Tremec TR-6060 transmission – 2007–present Ford Shelby GT500, Ford Falcon (FG) I6T, 5.4L and 5.0L supercharged V8
  • Getrag transmissions
    • Getrag MT-285 6-Speed Manual - 2002-2004 Focus SVT
    • Getrag MT-82 - 2011-present Mustang GT
  • Mazda M5OD transmissions
    • M5OD-R1 – Ford Ranger, Bronco II, Explorer, Aerostar.
    • M5OD-R1HD – Ford Ranger (4.0L V6 only)
    • M5OD-R2 – Thunderbird Super Coupe, Ford F-150, Bronco (except with 351 cu in (5.8 L) V8)
  • Toyo Kogyo (Early Mazda)
    • TK 4 4 speed manual (No Overdrive) (Ranger, Bronco II 83-85, Aerostar 85)
    • TK 5 5 speed manual (With overdrive) (Ranger, Bronco II 85-87, Aerostar 85-87)

Mitsubishi FM145/FM146 5 speed (overdrive) (Ranger/Bronco II 86-92 with 2.0L, 2.3L, and 2.9L engines only)

References[edit]

  1. ^Ford 5R55E transmission#5R44E/5R55E/N/S/W
  2. ^'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2011-05-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^'6F35 Transmission parts, repair guidelines, problems, manuals'. go4trans.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  4. ^'Exclusive: An Inside Look At Ford's New 10 Speed Transmission'. www.thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved 2015-03-16.
  5. ^'Saturation Dive: Ford 10 Speed Transmission Power Flow'. www.thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
  6. ^Craig, Renneker. 'Sessions 2018'. CTI Symposium USA.
  7. ^oemdtc (2019-10-02). '8F35 – Illuminated MIL With DTC P0766 And/Or Intermittent No Reverse Engagement – 2019-2020 Ford & Lincoln Ford'. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  8. ^Howard, Phoebe (May 9, 2018). 'Suit: Ford lied and blamed buyers' (Thursday, May 9, 2018). The Detroit Free Press. p. A1.
  9. ^10.asp Article from Classic Car Magazine[dead link]

See also[edit]

Transmission

Ford Transmission Problems Equipment

Ford transmission settlement

Ford Transmission Fluid

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