Beryllium Atom

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Atomic

Beryllium Atomic Weight

Beryllium atom structure

Wave theory-United nature theory

This work is based on nature and laboratory observations.

Tejman Chaim Henry Dr.


Name: Beryllium

Symbol: Be
Atomic Number: 4
Atomic Mass: 9.012182
Melting Point: 1278.0 °C (1551.15 K, 2332.4 °F)
Boiling Point: 2970.0 °C (3243.15 K, 5378.0 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 4
Number of Neutrons: 5
Classification:Alkaline Earth
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 1.8477 g/cm3
Color: gray

Atomic Structure


Number of Energy Levels: 2


First Energy Level: 2
Second Energy Level: 2

Isotope

Half Life

Be-7

53.3 days

Be-9

Stable

Be-10

2600000.0 years

Date of Discovery: 1798
Discoverer: Fredrich Wohler
Name Origin: From the mineral beryl
Uses: spacecraft, missiles, aircraft
Obtained From: beryl, chrysoberyl

·Atomic Radius: 1.4Å

·Atomic Volume: 5cm3/mol

·Covalent Radius: 0.9Å

·Cross Section (Thermal Neutron Capture)a/barns: 0.0092

·Crystal Structure: Hexagonal

·Electron Configuration:

1s2 2s2

·Electrons per Energy Level: 2,2

Shell Model

·Ionic Radius: 0.35Å

·Filling Orbital: 2s2

·Number of Electrons (with no charge): 4

·Number of Neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 5

·Number of Protons: 4

·Oxidation States: 2

·Valence Electrons: 2s2

Electron Dot Model

Chemical Properties of Beryllium

·Electrochemical Equivalent: 0.16812g/amp-hr

·Electron Work Function: 4.98eV

·Electronegativity: 1.57 (Pauling); 1.47 (Allrod Rochow)

·Heat of Fusion: 12.2kJ/mol

·Incompatibilities:

acids and strong bases, carbon tetrachloride, phos- phorous 3-chlorolithium, caustics, chlorinated hydrocarbons, oxidizers, molten lithium.

·Ionization Potential

oFirst: 9.322

oSecond: 18.211

oThird: 153.893

·Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 82

·Boiling Point: 3243K 2970°C 5378°F

·Coefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 0.0000116E-6

·Conductivity

Electrical: 0.313 106/cm
Thermal: 2.01 W/cmK

·Density: 1.848g/cc @ 300K

·Description:

Strong, hard, gray-white metal. Lightest rigid metal. Formerly called glucinium (Gl).

·Elastic Modulus:

oBulk: 110/GPa

oRigidity: 156/GPa

oYoungs: 318/GPa

·Enthalpy of Atomization: 326.4 kJ/mole @ 25°C

·Enthalpy of Fusion: 11.72 kJ/mole

·Enthalpy of Vaporization: 294.7 kJ/mole

·Flammablity Class: Non-combustible solid (except as dust)

·Freezing Point:see melting point

·Hardness Scale

oBrinell: 600 MN m-2

oMohs: 5.5

oVickers: 1670 MN m-2

·Heat of Vaporization: 292.4kJ/mol

·Melting Point: 1551K 1278°C 2332°F

·Molar Volume: 4.88 cm3/mole

·Pysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): Solid

·Specific Heat: 1.82J/gK

·Vapor Pressure 4.18kPa

The structure of like

H. Atom

I describe on

Basis M-51 galaxy.

Small and large formations must have

The same behavior.

{A. Einstein}

This galaxy clearly

show two different swirls connected by two energetic path and is completely independent wave

{Quantum} formation.

=.

Thestructure of like H. Atom

Helium atom

Lithium atom strcture

Beryllium atom structure

See H, He, Li atoms {Tejman}.

Beryllium atom structure

: www.usm.uni-muenchen.de/.../deepsky_eng.html

Energetic matter in quantum {atom} must have two

semi-loop, electric and magnetic properties.

nebula 7027

Two unclosed quantum{photons} create common energetic swirl

One unclosed quantum formation {Berylium atom}.

helix nebula

: www.usm.uni-muenchen.de/.

./deepsky_eng.html

I copy different celestial quantum structures that may be can help to understand Beryllium atom {quantum} structure and behavior.

For understand energetic matter behavior we needs a lot of common sense, because spontaneous, wildest behavior of energetic matter {Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Schrödinger’s Superposition}.

never create matrix formation only like formations. but they have the same

vibration frequency because every atom is independent unclosed quantum formation.

Beryllium atom in different energetic levels can obtain different structures.

But always guard of its quantum {atom} formation.

Summery:

Beryllium atom is stabile and is composed by two

a - formations {two Helium formations}

© Copyright: Dr. Tejman Chaim, Henry August 2007

The theory of everything

Beryllium atomic mass

Beryllium Atom Model

Image showing periodicity of valence s-orbital radius for the chemical elements as size-coded balls on a periodic table grid. The R max values for neutral gaseous element valence orbitals are abstracted from reference 1. Mann, Atomic Structure Calculations II.Hartree-Fock wave functions and radial expectation values: hydrogen to lawrencium, LA-3691, Los Alamos Scientific. The reactions of laser-ablated beryllium atoms with dinitrogen and carbon monoxide mixtures form the end-on bonded NNBeCO and side-on bonded (η 2 -N 2 )BeCO isomers in solid argon, which are predicted by quantum chemical calculations to be almost isoenergetic. Diagram of the nuclear composition, electron configuration, chemical data, and valence orbitals of an atom of beryllium-9 (atomic number: 4), the most common isotope of the element beryllium. The nucleus consists of 4 protons (red) and 5 neutrons (orange). Four electrons (white) occupy available electron shells (rings).

Beryllium atom 4p+ = 4e-A 'happy' atom. Beryllium ion 4p+ 2e-Beryllium loses 2 electrons, and has a positive charge of 2+. Therefore, it is a positive ion. It loses 2 valence electrons because it wants to fill its outermost shell so that it is full, but it is simpler to give away its valence electrons then find 6. Element Beryllium Berylliumis a chemical elementin the periodic tablethat has the symbol Beand atomic number4. Light-weight yet brittle, alkaline earth metal, that is primarily used as a hardening agent in alloys (most notably.