Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro (August 9, 1776 to July 9, 1856) Avogadro is famous for Avogadro’s Law, which states that two gases of equal volume at the same temperature and pressure contain an equal number of molecules. In honor of him, the number of molecules in a mole of a substance is called Avogadro’s number. Avogadro, who was of noble birth, obtained a degree in ecclesiastical law and started practice in that field, before deciding to pursue a scientific career. At that time, the existence of atoms and molecules was still hypothetical and very controversial. Experiments of Joseph Gay-Lussac had shown that gases reacted in simple integer ratios of volumes. For example, when two liters of hydrogen gas reacted with one liter of oxygen gas two liters of water vapor were produced. Avogadro correctly interpreted these results in terms of his hypothesis that equal volumes of gas contain equal numbers of molecules. For example, the reaction of hydrogen and oxygen can be understood, if hydrogen and oxygen molecules are diatomic, as resulting from this molecular reaction: 2H2 + O2 → 2 H2O. Avogadro’s work was largely ignored during his lifetime but became known shortly after his death and eventually his ideas were shown to be correct. Little is known about Avogadro’s private life, but his obituary in the Gazzetta Piemontese nine days after his death says that he was “religioso senza intolleranza, dotto senza pedanteria” (“religious without intolerance, learned without pedantry”).Avogadro is an advanced molecule editor and visualizer designed forcross-platform use in computational chemistry, molecular modeling,bioinformatics, materials science, and related areas. It offersflexible high quality rendering and a powerful pluginarchitecture.
Avogadro is a reference to the Avogadro constant named after Amedeo Avogadro, which is the number of atomic particles in a single mole of sampled matter. Avogadro has the same health as a Denizen when latched on. Physics, chemistry. He was the son of Count Filippo Avogadro and Anna Maria Vercellone. His father was a distinguished lawyer and higher civil servant who had become a senator of Piedmont in 1768 and had been appointed advocate general to the senate of Vittorio Amedeo III in 1777. Amadeo Avogadro was an Italian scientist noted to be one of the founders of physical chemistry. He was actually a physics professor but he experimented in both physics and chemistry using mathematics to base most of his findings. Avogadro is well known for his hypothesis known as Avogadro's Law. Apr 28, 2019 Amedeo Avogadro (August 9, 1776–July 9, 1856) was an Italian scientist known for his research on gas volume, pressure, and temperature. He formulated the gas law known as Avogadro's law, which states that all gases, at the same temperature and pressure, have the same number of molecules per volume.
- Cross-Platform: Molecular builder/editor for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
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- How to cite Avogadro: The Avogadro Paper
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Amedeo Avogadro Biography
Amedeo Avogadro, in full Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, conte di Quaregna e Cerreto, (born August 9, 1776, Turin, in the Kingdom of Sardinia and Piedmont Italy—died July 9, 1856, Turin), Italian mathematical physicist who showed in what became known as Avogadro’s law that, under controlled conditions of temperature and pressure, equal volumes of gases contain an equal number of molecules.