Atomic No Of Calcium

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Before a name and symbol are approved, an element may be referred to by its atomic number (e.g., element 120) or by its systematic element name. The systematic element name is a temporary name that is based on the atomic number as a root and the -ium ending as a suffix. For example, element 120 has the temporary name unbinilium. Protons and Neutrons in Calcium. Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons in its nucleus. Total number of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number of the atom and is given the symbol Z. Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons and 20 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca. Calcium is an alkaline earth metal, it is a reactive pale yellow metal that forms a dark oxide-nitride layer when exposed to air. Calcium-44 Ca CID 44154186 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety. In this video we’ll use the Periodic table and a few simple rules to find the protons, electrons, and neutrons for the element Calcium (Ca). From the Period.

No.
Atomic
weight
NameSym.M.P.
(°C)
B.P.
(°C)
Density*
(g/cm3)
Earth
crust (%)*
Discovery
(Year)
Group*Electron configurationIonization
energy (eV)
11.008HydrogenH-259-2530.090.14177611s113.60
24.003HeliumHe-272-2690.181895181s224.59
36.941LithiumLi1801,3470.5318171[He] 2s15.39
49.012BerylliumBe1,2782,9701.8517972[He] 2s29.32
510.811BoronB2,3002,5502.34180813[He] 2s2 2p18.30
612.011CarbonC3,5004,8272.260.09ancient14[He] 2s2 2p211.26
714.007NitrogenN-210-1961.25177215[He] 2s2 2p314.53
815.999OxygenO-218-1831.4346.71177416[He] 2s2 2p413.62
918.998FluorineF-220-1881.700.03188617[He] 2s2 2p517.42
1020.180NeonNe-249-2460.90189818[He] 2s2 2p621.56
1122.990SodiumNa988830.972.7518071[Ne] 3s15.14
1224.305MagnesiumMg6391,0901.742.0817552[Ne] 3s27.65
1326.982AluminumAl6602,4672.708.07182513[Ne] 3s2 3p15.99
1428.086SiliconSi1,4102,3552.3327.69182414[Ne] 3s2 3p28.15
1530.974PhosphorusP442801.820.13166915[Ne] 3s2 3p310.49
1632.065SulfurS1134452.070.05ancient16[Ne] 3s2 3p410.36
1735.453ChlorineCl-101-353.210.05177417[Ne] 3s2 3p512.97
1839.948ArgonAr-189-1861.78189418[Ne] 3s2 3p615.76
1939.098PotassiumK647740.862.5818071[Ar] 4s14.34
2040.078CalciumCa8391,4841.553.6518082[Ar] 4s26.11
2144.956ScandiumSc1,5392,8322.9918793[Ar] 3d1 4s26.56
2247.867TitaniumTi1,6603,2874.540.6217914[Ar] 3d2 4s26.83
2350.942VanadiumV1,8903,3806.1118305[Ar] 3d3 4s26.75
2451.996ChromiumCr1,8572,6727.190.0417976[Ar] 3d5 4s16.77
2554.938ManganeseMn1,2451,9627.430.0917747[Ar] 3d5 4s27.43
2655.845IronFe1,5352,7507.875.05ancient8[Ar] 3d6 4s27.90
2758.933CobaltCo1,4952,8708.9017359[Ar] 3d7 4s27.88
2858.693NickelNi1,4532,7328.900.02175110[Ar] 3d8 4s27.64
2963.546CopperCu1,0832,5678.96ancient11[Ar] 3d10 4s17.73
3065.390ZincZn4209077.13ancient12[Ar] 3d10 4s29.39
3169.723GalliumGa302,4035.91187513[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p16.00
3272.640GermaniumGe9372,8305.32188614[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p27.90
3374.922ArsenicAs816135.72ancient15[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p39.79
3478.960SeleniumSe2176854.79181716[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p49.75
3579.904BromineBr-7593.12182617[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p511.81
3683.800KryptonKr-157-1533.75189818[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p614.00
3785.468RubidiumRb396881.6318611[Kr] 5s14.18
3887.620StrontiumSr7691,3842.5417902[Kr] 5s25.69
3988.906YttriumY1,5233,3374.4717943[Kr] 4d1 5s26.22
4091.224ZirconiumZr1,8524,3776.510.0317894[Kr] 4d2 5s26.63
4192.906NiobiumNb2,4684,9278.5718015[Kr] 4d4 5s16.76
4295.940MolybdenumMo2,6174,61210.2217816[Kr] 4d5 5s17.09
43*98.000TechnetiumTc2,2004,87711.5019377[Kr] 4d5 5s27.28
44101.070RutheniumRu2,2503,90012.3718448[Kr] 4d7 5s17.36
45102.906RhodiumRh1,9663,72712.4118039[Kr] 4d8 5s17.46
46106.420PalladiumPd1,5522,92712.02180310[Kr] 4d108.34
47107.868SilverAg9622,21210.50ancient11[Kr] 4d10 5s17.58
48112.411CadmiumCd3217658.65181712[Kr] 4d10 5s28.99
49114.818IndiumIn1572,0007.31186313[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p15.79
50118.710TinSn2322,2707.31ancient14[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p27.34
51121.760AntimonySb6301,7506.68ancient15[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p38.61
52127.600TelluriumTe4499906.24178316[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p49.01
53126.905IodineI1141844.93181117[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p510.45
54131.293XenonXe-112-1085.90189818[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p612.13
55132.906CesiumCs296781.8718601[Xe] 6s13.89
56137.327BariumBa7251,1403.590.0518082[Xe] 6s25.21
57138.906LanthanumLa9203,4696.1518393[Xe] 5d1 6s25.58
58140.116CeriumCe7953,2576.771803101[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s25.54
59140.908PraseodymiumPr9353,1276.771885101[Xe] 4f3 6s25.47
60144.240NeodymiumNd1,0103,1277.011885101[Xe] 4f4 6s25.53
61*145.000PromethiumPm1,1003,0007.301945101[Xe] 4f5 6s25.58
62150.360SamariumSm1,0721,9007.521879101[Xe] 4f6 6s25.64
63151.964EuropiumEu8221,5975.241901101[Xe] 4f7 6s25.67
64157.250GadoliniumGd1,3113,2337.901880101[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s26.15
65158.925TerbiumTb1,3603,0418.231843101[Xe] 4f9 6s25.86
66162.500DysprosiumDy1,4122,5628.551886101[Xe] 4f10 6s25.94
67164.930HolmiumHo1,4702,7208.801867101[Xe] 4f11 6s26.02
68167.259ErbiumEr1,5222,5109.071842101[Xe] 4f12 6s26.11
69168.934ThuliumTm1,5451,7279.321879101[Xe] 4f13 6s26.18
70173.040YtterbiumYb8241,4666.901878101[Xe] 4f14 6s26.25
71174.967LutetiumLu1,6563,3159.841907101[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s25.43
72178.490HafniumHf2,1505,40013.3119234[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s26.83
73180.948TantalumTa2,9965,42516.6518025[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s27.55
74183.840TungstenW3,4105,66019.3517836[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s27.86
75186.207RheniumRe3,1805,62721.0419257[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s27.83
76190.230OsmiumOs3,0455,02722.6018038[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s28.44
77192.217IridiumIr2,4104,52722.4018039[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s28.97
78195.078PlatinumPt1,7723,82721.45173510[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s18.96
79196.967GoldAu1,0642,80719.32ancient11[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s19.23
80200.590MercuryHg-3935713.55ancient12[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s210.44
81204.383ThalliumTl3031,45711.85186113[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p16.11
82207.200LeadPb3271,74011.35ancient14[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p27.42
83208.980BismuthBi2711,5609.75ancient15[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p37.29
84*209.000PoloniumPo2549629.30189816[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p48.42
85*210.000AstatineAt3023370.00194017[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p59.30
86*222.000RadonRn-71-629.73190018[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p610.75
87*223.000FranciumFr276770.0019391[Rn] 7s14.07
88*226.000RadiumRa7001,7375.5018982[Rn] 7s25.28
89*227.000ActiniumAc1,0503,20010.0718993[Rn] 6d1 7s25.17
90232.038ThoriumTh1,7504,79011.721829102[Rn] 6d2 7s26.31
91231.036ProtactiniumPa1,568015.401913102[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s25.89
92238.029UraniumU1,1323,81818.951789102[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s26.19
93*237.000NeptuniumNp6403,90220.201940102[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s26.27
94*244.000PlutoniumPu6403,23519.841940102[Rn] 5f6 7s26.03
95*243.000AmericiumAm9942,60713.671944102[Rn] 5f7 7s25.97
96*247.000CuriumCm1,340013.5019441025.99
97*247.000BerkeliumBk986014.7819491026.20
98*251.000CaliforniumCf900015.1019501026.28
99*252.000EinsteiniumEs86000.0019521026.42
100*257.000FermiumFm1,52700.0019521026.50
101*258.000MendeleviumMd000.0019551026.58
102*259.000NobeliumNo82700.0019581026.65
103*262.000LawrenciumLr1,62700.0019611024.90
104*261.000RutherfordiumRf000.00196440.00
105*262.000DubniumDb000.00196750.00
106*266.000SeaborgiumSg000.00197460.00
107*264.000BohriumBh000.00198170.00
108*277.000HassiumHs000.00198480.00
109*268.000MeitneriumMt000.00198290.00
No.
Atomic
weight
NameSym.M.P.
(°C)
B.P.
(°C)
Density*
(g/cm3)
Earth crust
(%)*
Discovery
(Year)
Group*Electron configurationIonization
energy (eV)

Notes:
• Density of elements with boiling points below 0°C is given in g/l. In a sorted list, these elements are shown before other elements that have boiling points >0°C.
• Earth crust composition average values are from a report by F. W. Clarke and H. S. Washington, 1924. Elemental composition of crustal rocks differ between different localities (see article).
Group: There are only 18 groups in the periodic table that constitute the columns of the table. Lanthanoids and Actinoids are numbered as 101 and 102 to separate them in sorting by group.
• The elements marked with an asterisk (in the 2nd column) have no stable nuclides. For these elements the weight value shown represents the mass number of the longest-lived isotope of the element.

Abbreviations and Definitions:

No. - Atomic Number; M.P. - melting point; B.P. - boiling point

Atomic number: The number of protons in an atom. Each element is uniquely defined by its atomic number.

Atomic mass: The mass of an atom is primarily determined by the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus. Atomic mass is measured in Atomic Mass Units (amu) which are scaled relative to carbon, 12C, that is taken as a standard element with an atomic mass of 12. This isotope of carbon has 6 protons and 6 neutrons. Thus, each proton and neutron has a mass of about 1 amu.

Isotope: Atoms of the same element with the same atomic number, but different number of neutrons. Isotope of an element is defined by the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus. Elements have more than one isotope with varying numbers of neutrons. For example, there are two common isotopes of carbon, 12C and 13C which have 6 and 7 neutrons respectively. The abundances of different isotopes of elements vary in nature depending on the source of materials. For relative abundances of isotopes in nature see reference on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions.

Atomic weight: Atomic weight values represent weighted average of the masses of all naturally occurring isotopes of an element. The values shown here are based on the IUPAC Commission determinations (Pure Appl. Chem. 73:667-683, 2001). The elements marked with an asterisk have no stable nuclides. For these elements the weight value shown represents the mass number of the longest-lived isotope of the element.

Electron configuration: See next page for explanation of electron configuration of atoms.

Ionization energy (IE): The energy required to remove the outermost electron from an atom or a positive ion in its ground level. The table lists only the first IE in eV units. To convert to kJ/mol multiply by 96.4869. Reference: NIST Reference Table on Ground states and ionization energies for the neutral atoms. IE decreases going down a column of the periodic table, and increases from left to right in a row. Thus, alkali metals have the lowest IE in a period and Rare gases have the highest.

Other resources related to the Periodic Table

  • Chemical Evolution of the Universe

Contents

  • Atomic number and Mass number
  • Isotopes

Atom

An atom is the smallest particle of an element which can take part in chemical reaction. Atom consists of three fundamental particles i.e. proton, neutron and electron. Atoms of same elements are similar in properties whereas atoms of different elements are different in properties. Example:- ‘H’ represent the atom of hydrogen.

Proton is positively charged and electron is negatively charged particle. In an atom, number of protons = number of electrons. Hence, the net charge present in an atom is zero i.e. a free atom is chargeless.

Atomic number and Mass number

Atomic number :
  • Atomic number is the number of protons present in an atom.
  • The modern periodic table is arranged in order of increasing atomic number.
Mass number and Atomic mass :
  • Mass number is the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons present in an atom. It is a whole number.

Mass no. of an atom = No. of protons + No. of neutrons

  • Atomic mass is the average mass of the all of the isotopes of that element. It is a decimal number.
  • For example: Hydrogen has three isotopes – 1H1, 1H2 and 1H3 having mass number 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Naturally occurring hydrogen contains about 99.985% of protium, 0.014% of deuterium and 0.001 % of tritium. Therefore the atomic mass of hydrogen is 1.00784 amu.
  • The atomic mass of an element element is measured in atomic mass unit (amu, also known as Daltons ‘ D’or unified atomic mass unit ‘u’).
  • 1amu = 1.66 x 10-24 grams. 1gm = 6.022 x 1023 amu ( i.e. Avogadro’s number).

Here,

Atomic No Of Calcium Chloride

  • Atomic number = Number of protons = Number of electrons = 13
  • Mass number = No. of protons + No. of neutrons
  • No. of neutrons = Mass number – No. of protons = 27-13 = 14.
Atomic mass of first 20 elements
Atomic numberElementAtomic mass
1Hydrogen1.008
2Helium4.0026
3Lithium6.94
4Beryllium9.0122
5Boron10.81
6Carbon12.011
7Nitrogen14.007
8Oxygen15.999
9Fluorine18.998
10Neon20.180
11Sodium22.990
12Magnesium24.305
13Aluminium26.982
14Silicon28.085
15Phosphorus30.974
16Sulfur32.06
17Chlorine35.45
18Argon39.948
19Potassium39.098
20Calcium40.078

Isotopes

Atomic No Of Calcium Carbide

Atoms of the same element having same atomic number but different mass number (atomic mass/weight) are called isotopes. For example:

Isotopes of hydrogen :

There are three isotopes of hydrogen:

  1. Protium or ordinary hydrogen
  2. Deuterium or heavy hydrogen
  3. Tritium or radioactive hydrogen.
Name ProtiumDeuteriumTritium
Symbol1H or H2H or D3H or T
No. of protons(P)111
No. of neutrons(n)012
No. of electrons(e)111
Atomic no.(Z)111
Mass no.(A)123

Naturally occurring hydrogen contains about 99.985% of protium, 0.014% of deuterium and 0.001 % of tritium.

Isotopes have different physical properties since they differ in their mass number.

They have same chemical properties since their electronic configuration is same. However, they differ in the rate of chemical reaction. For example, D2 reacts with Cl2 about 13 times slower than H2 does. The different in rate of reaction due to difference in mass of the atoms of the same element is called isotope effect.

Some other examples of isotopic elements :

ElementsIsotopesMost abundant isotope
Carbon6C12, 6C13, 6C146C12
Nitrogen7N14, 7N157N14
Oxygen8O16, 8O17, 8O188O16
Sulphur16S32, 16S33, 16S34, 16S3616S32
Chlorine17Cl35, 17S3717Cl35
Atomic

Atomic No Of Calcium Acetate

Isobars

Atoms of different elements having different atomic number but same mass number are called isobars. For example :

18Ar40, 19K40 and 20Ca40

Isotones

Atoms of different elements having different atomic number and mass number but same number of neutrons are called isotones. For example :

6C14, 7N15 and 8O16

Objective questions and their answers

1. Which of the following is known as heavy hydrogen?

a. Protium c. Tritium

b. Deuterium d. Para hydrogen

2. Which of the following is known as radioactive hydrogen?

a. Protium c. Tritium

b. Deuterium d. Para hydrogen

3. Least abundant isotope of hydrogen is:

a. Protium c. Tritium

b. Deuterium d. Heavy hydrogen

4. Diamond and graphite are :

a. Isotopes c. Isotones

b. Isobars d. Allotropes

5. 6C14 and 8O16 are :

a. Isotopes c. Isotones

b. Isobars d. Allotropes

6. 6C14 and 7N14 are :

a. Isotopes c. Isotones

b. Isobars d. Allotropes

7. All particles residing inside the nucleus of an atom are termed as:

a. Protons c. Electrons

b. Neutrons d. Nucleons

8. What makes the atomic mass fractional ?

a.Prerence of isotopes

b. Number of unpaired electrons

c. Spherical shape

d. Quantum number.

9. Which of the following are not isotopes:

a. 1H1 and 1H3

b. 18K40 and 20Ca40

c. 6C14 and 7N14

d. Both b and c.

10. Charge present in the nucleus of an atom is :

a. Positive c. Chargeless

b. Negative d. Both +Ve and -Ve

11. Molecular weight of heavy water is :

a. 16 c. 20

b. 18 d. 22

Answers :

1. b 2. c 3. c

4. d [Note : different forms of same element having different properties are called allotropes]

5. c 6. b 7. d

8. a 9. d 10. a

11. c Note :Heavy waterDeuterium oxide (D2O) is called heavy water. It’s molecular weight is 20 and boiling paint is 101.50C and melting point is 3.80C.

Atomic No Of Calcium Hydroxide

References

  • Sthapit, M.K., Pradhananga, R.R., Foundations of Chemistry, Vol 1 and 2, Fourth edition, Taleju Prakashan, 2005.