Atomic Mass Of Cl

Posted on  by admin

The atomic mass of an element is the average mass of the atoms of an element measured in atomic mass unit (amu, also known as daltons, D). The atomic mass is a weighted average of all of the isotopes of that element, in which the mass of each isotope is multiplied by the abundance of that particular isotope. (Atomic mass is also referred to as atomic weight, but the term 'mass' is more accurate.)

For instance, it can be determined experimentally that neon consists of three isotopes: neon-20 (with 10 protons and 10 neutrons in its nucleus) with a mass of 19.992 amu and an abundance of 90.48%, neon-21 (with 10 protons and 11 neutrons) with a mass of 20.994 amu and an abundance of 0.27%, and neon-22 (with 10 protons and 12 neutrons) with a mass of 21.991 amu and an abundance of 9.25%. The average atomic mass of neon is thus:

0.9048×19.992 amu=18.09 amu
0.0027×20.994 amu= 0.057 amu
0.0925×21.991 amu= 2.03 amu
20.18 amu

The atomic mass is useful in chemistry when it is paired with the mole concept: the atomic mass of an element, measured in amu, is the same as the mass in grams of one mole of an element. Thus, since the atomic mass of iron is 55.847 amu, one mole of iron atoms would weigh 55.847 grams. The same concept can be extended to ionic compounds and molecules. One formula unit of sodium chloride (NaCl) would weigh 58.44 amu (22.98977 amu for Na + 35.453 amu for Cl), so a mole of sodium chloride would weigh 58.44 grams. One molecule of water (H2O) would weigh 18.02 amu (2×1.00797 amu for H + 15.9994 amu for O), and a mole of water molecules would weigh 18.02 grams.

Would the atomic mass of Cl(35.453) round to the whole number 35 or 36? Does it really matter which one you choose? Name: Chlorine Symbol: Cl Atomic Number: 17 Atomic Mass: 35.4527 amu Melting Point:-100.98 °C (172.17 K, -149.764 °F) Boiling Point:-34.6 °C (238.55 K, -30.279997 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 17 Number of Neutrons: 18 Classification: Halogen Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic Density @ 293 K: 3.214 g/cm 3 Color: green Atomic Structure.

The original periodic table of the elements published by Dimitri Mendeleev in 1869 arranged the elements that were known at the time in order of increasing atomic weight, since this was prior to the discovery of the nucleus and the interior structure of the atom. The modern periodic table is arranged in order of increasing atomic number instead.

Molar Mass, Molecular Weight and Elemental Composition Calculator

Atomic Mass Of Chloroform


Molar mass of Cl is 35.4530 g/mol
Convert between Cl weight and moles
CompoundMolesWeight, g
Cl

Elemental composition of Cl
ElementSymbolAtomic weightAtomsMass percent
ChlorineCl35.4531100.0000

Mass percent compositionAtomic percent composition

Sample reactions for Cl
EquationReaction type
Na + Cl = NaClsynthesis
H + Cl = HClsynthesis
Fe + Cl = FeCl3synthesis
K + Cl = KClsynthesis
KI + Cl = KCl + Isingle replacement

Formula in Hill system is Cl

Computing molar mass (molar weight)

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound enter its formula and click 'Compute'. In chemical formula you may use:
  • Any chemical element. Capitalize the first letter in chemical symbol and use lower case for the remaining letters: Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, S, O, H, C, N, Na, K, Cl, Al.
  • Functional groups: D, Ph, Me, Et, Bu, AcAc, For, Ts, Tos, Bz, TMS, tBu, Bzl, Bn, Dmg
  • parantesis () or brackets [].
  • Common compound names.
Examples of molar mass computations: NaCl, Ca(OH)2, K4[Fe(CN)6], CuSO4*5H2O, water, nitric acid, potassium permanganate, ethanol, fructose.
Molar mass calculator also displays common compound name, Hill formula, elemental composition, mass percent composition, atomic percent compositions and allows to convert from weight to number of moles and vice versa.

Computing molecular weight (molecular mass)

To calculate molecular weight of a chemical compound enter it's formula, specify its isotope mass number after each element in square brackets.
Examples of molecular weight computations: C[14]O[16]2, S[34]O[16]2.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight

  • Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
  • Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Weights of atoms and isotopes are from NIST article.
Give us feedback about your experience with Molecular Weight Calculator.
Related: Molecular weights of amino acids
molecular weights calculated today

Chlorine Atomic Mass

Atomic mass of chlorate
Back to Online Chemical Tools Menu
By using this website, you signify your acceptance of Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy.
© 2021 webqc.org All rights reserved
Periodic table
Unit converters
Chemistry tools
Chemical Forum
Chemistry FAQ
Constants
Symmetry
Chemistry links
Link to us
Contact us


How to cite?

WebQC.Org
online education
free homework help
chemistry problems
questions and answers