7 Speed Dual Clutch Transmission

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To channel power and torque to the unique carbon fiber driveshaft, Ford Performance leveraged learnings from the tuning of its Ford GT supercar’s dual-clutch transmission and selected the TREMEC 7-speed dual-clutch transmission. This dual-clutch transmission is designed for a number of drive modes, including normal, weather, sport, drag and track, and activates features like line-lock and launch. The 7-speed dual clutch transmission makes especially sporty driving performance possible: direct drive and lightning-fast gear changes without interrupting the shear force. The car 'sits right on the gas'. It also achieves fuel economy better than that of a manual transmission thanks to its excellent fuel efficiency. The 7-speed dual clutch transmission has one mechanically driven hydraulic pump and one electrically driven hydraulic pump. The electrically driven hydraulic pump is the V475 Transmission Fluid Auxiliary Hydraulic Pump 1. It is driven by a brushless direct current. Mercedes-AMG developed the 7-speed MCT 'Multi Clutch Technology' planetary automatic transmission. The MCT transmission is essentially the 7G-Tronic automatic transmission without a torque converter. Instead of a torque converter, it uses a compact wet startup clutch to launch the car from a stop and also supports computer-controlled double.

7G-Tronic
Overview
ManufacturerDaimler AG
Production2003–
Body and chassis
Class7-speed longitudinalautomatic transmission
Chronology
PredecessorMercedes-Benz 5G-Tronic transmission
SuccessorMercedes-Benz 9G-Tronic transmission

7G-Tronic is Mercedes-Benz's trademark name for its seven-speed automatic transmission, starting off with the W7A 700 and W7A 400 (Wandler-7-Gang-Automatik bis 700 oder 400 Nm Eingangsdrehmoment; converter-7-gear-automatic with 516 or 295 ft·lb maximum input torque; type 722.9) as core models.

Abstract[edit]

This fifth-generation transmission was the first seven-speed automatic transmission ever used on a production passenger vehicle.[1] In all applications this transmission is identified as the New Automatic Gearbox Generation Two, or NAG2. It initially debuted in Autumn 2003 on five different eight-cylinder models: the E500, S 430, S 500, CL 500, and SL 500. It also soon became available on many six-cylinder models. Turbocharged V12 engines, four cylinder applications and commercial vehicles continued to use the older Mercedes-Benz 5G-Tronic transmission for many years.

7 Speed Dual Clutch Transmission

The company claims that the 7G-Tronic is more fuel efficient and has shorter acceleration times and quicker intermediate sprints than the outgoing 5-speed automatic transmission.[1] It has two reverse gear ratios.

The transmission can skip gears when downshifting. It also has a torque converter lock-up on all seven gears, allowing better transmission of torque for improved acceleration. The transmission's casing is made of magnesium alloy, a first for the industry, to save weight.[citation needed] The 7G-Tronic transmission is built at the Mercedes-Benz Stuttgart-Untertuerkheim plant in Germany, the site of Daimler-Benz's original production facility.

About 65 percent of Mercedes-Benz C-Class sedans, wagons, and sport coupes are purchased with automatic transmissions (with that figure rising). However, about 88 percent of Mercedes-Benz E-Class sedans and wagons are purchased with automatic transmissions, and automatic transmissions are standard on the Mercedes-Benz S-Class.

The transmission is currently available on the SsangYong's vehicles like Rexton, and Korando Turismo (in South Korea)/Turismo (in UK). In July 2009, Mercedes-Benz announced they are working on a new nine-speed automatic.[2]

Specifications[edit]

Basic concept[edit]

Progress is reflected in 7 forward gears[a] out of 11 main components,[b][3][4][5] compared to 5 forward gears[c] out of 9 main components.[d] This turns out the design as advanced compared to its predecessor but less economical compared to its competitors. It uses no bands nor sprag clutches.[4] It is fully electronic controlled. Torque converter lock-up can operate in all 7 forward gears.[4]

Gear ratios[edit]

Gear Teeth and RatiosPlanetary Gear Set: TeethCountTotalAvg.
RavigneauxSimple
Model

Type

First DeliverySun 1.1

Ring 1.1

Sun 1.2

Ring 1.2

Sun 2

Ring 2

Sun 3

Ring 3

Brakes

Clutches

Ratio

Span

Gear

Step

Gear1234567R 1R 2
W7A ALL

722.9

2003[3][5]42

86

86

110

28

76

46

114

4

3

6.01621.3486
Ratio4.37722.85861.92061.36841.00000.82040.7276- 3.4157- 2.2307

Gears functionality[edit]

In normal condition it sequentially shift gears, but if required it can skip some gears, that are: 7 to 5, 6 to 2, 5 to 3 and 3 to 1.[4]

For 6 or 8 cylinder gasoline engines and if sport mode is not selected, transmission will start in 2nd gear. Also, if it is an offroad vehicle, if low range is selected, it will start in 2nd gear too.[6]

If emergency mode is activated, like when an electric fault or another critical fault occurs, the 6th gear is selected by default (all solenoids off).[4]

AMG SpeedShift[edit]

AMG SpeedShift TCT[edit]

The TCT transmission is essentially the 7G-Tronic automatic transmission including 'Torque Converter Technology'.

Sporty, performance-oriented version with the same gear ratios. First used in 2005 Mercedes-Benz SLK 55 AMG.[7]

In 2007, 7G-Tronic transmission with AMG SPEEDSHIFT was also called '7G-Tronic Sport'.[8]

AMG SpeedShift MCT[edit]

Mercedes-AMG developed the 7-speed MCT 'Multi Clutch Technology' planetary automatic transmission.

The MCT transmission is essentially the 7G-Tronic automatic transmission without a torque converter. Instead of a torque converter, it uses a compact wet startup clutch to launch the car from a stop and also supports computer-controlled double-clutching. The MCT (Multi-Clutch Technology) acronym refers to a planetary (automatic) transmission's multiple clutches and bands for each gear.[9]

The MCT is fitted with four drive modes: “C” (Comfort), “S” (Sport), “S+” (Sport plus) and “M” (Manual) and boasts 100 millisecond shifts in 'M' and 'S+' modes. MCT-equipped cars are also fitted with the new AMG DRIVE UNIT with an innovative Race Start function. The AMG DRIVE UNIT is the central control unit for the AMG SPEEDSHIFT MCT 7-speed sports transmission and all driving dynamics functions. The driver can change gears either using the selector lever or by nudging the steering-wheel shift paddles. The new Race start Function is a launch control system that enables the driver to call on maximum acceleration while ensuring optimum traction of the driven wheels.

It is available on the 2009 SL 63 AMG and E63 AMG, and will be used for the 2011 S 63 AMG and CL 63 AMG, and the 2012 CLS 63 AMG and C 63 AMG.

Compulsory on the 2014 AMG CLS63 and E63 models, as well as their 'S--Model' variants. Improved with the release of the 2015 model year, by decreasing the lag time between shifts.

Applications[edit]

Mercedes models[edit]

Seven Speed Dual Clutch Transmission

Mercedes C-Class[edit]

  • 2007–2014 Mercedes-Benz W204 (all except 4-cyl models)
  • 2006 Mercedes-Benz W203 (C280 not 4Matic)

Mercedes E-Class[edit]

  • 2009–2016 Mercedes-Benz W212 (all models except E 200 CGI and E 350 BlueTec)
  • 2009–2013 Mercedes-Benz W212 (E 350 BlueTec)

Mercedes S-Class[edit]

  • 2013–2017 Mercedes-Benz W222 (all models except Maybach S 500 and Maybach S 500 4MATIC)
  • 2017–today Mercedes-Benz W222 (V12 models only)

Ford 7 Speed Automatic Transmission

Non Mercedes-Benz models[edit]

Dual Clutch Automatic

Infiniti[edit]

  • 2014–2019 Infiniti Q50 (2.0 (M274 DE20 LA)[10]).
  • 2015–2016 Infiniti Q50 (2.2 (OM651 22 LA)[11]).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^plus 2 reverse gears
  2. ^4 planetary gearsets (Ravigneaux planetary gearset considered as 2), 4 brakes, 3 clutches
  3. ^plus 2 reverse gear
  4. ^3 simple planetary gearsets, 3 brakes, 3 clutches

References[edit]

  1. ^ ab'7G-Tronic: Mercedes-Benz presents the world's first seven-speed automatic transmission for passenger cars'(PDF). DaimlerChrysler press release. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  2. ^19 July 2010. 'Merc plans nine-speed auto''. Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
  3. ^ ab'Catalog'(PDF). shop.ukrtrans.biz. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  4. ^ abcde'Mercedes Benz 722.9 Training Manual'(PDF).
  5. ^ ab'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on 2019-06-28. Retrieved 2019-06-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^'Mercedes Benz 722.9 Workshop Tips and Tricks Manual'(PDF).
  7. ^'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2009-07-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on 2009-11-10. Retrieved 2009-07-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2010-07-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^'First view of Mercedes 2.0 turbo in the Infiniti Q50'.
  11. ^'Infiniti Q50 2,2d Sport vs. Mercedes-Benz C220 BlueTEC 7G-tronic'.

External links[edit]

7 Speed Dual Clutch Transmission Kia

  • '7G-Tronic: Mercedes-Benz presents the world's first seven-speed automatic transmission for passenger cars'(PDF). DaimlerChrysler press release. Archived from the original(PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2008.

7-speed Dual Clutch Transmission Awd

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